A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, ARCHAEOLOGY, & ART
Austria has several ARCHAEOLOGY sites. The ruins at Aguntum is the site of a Roman Baths. The Archaeological Park in Carnuntum was a Roman army camp. The country has an archaeological heritage organization.
Austria has over 400 species of BIRDS of which 90 are rare or accidental, 14 of which have not been recorded since 1950; and 7 have been introduced by humans. The country has a variety of habitats for birds. The steppe landscape in the East has the Great Bustard Otis tarda, the Saker Falco cherugg, and Eastern Imperial Eagle. The alpine foothills has the White-backed Woodpecker, and the Red-breasted Flycatcher. The high altitudes of the Alps has the Golden Eagle, the Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush and White-winged Snowfinch. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Hotspots. Austria is home to the Black Eagle the National Bird whose image appears on the nation's coat of arms.
Austria has many BRIDGES including footbridges and railroad bridges. Europa Bridge is the tallest in the country. The Stubnerkogel Suspension Bridge is the highest suspension footbridge in Europe.The Dachstein Suspension Bridge the highest suspension bridge and is directly linked to the Dachstein Ice Palace. The Mozart Bridge is an Art Nouveau bridge for pedestrians in the city centre of Salzburg.
Austria has all forms of
COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The country has many telephone
Area Codes are. The country has
Internet Service Providers, and
Webcams are located throughout the country.
Austria has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The country has many telephone Area Codes are. The country has Internet Service Providers, and Webcams are located throughout the country.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS roamed what is now Austria including Rhabdodon and Struthiosarus. The main attractions of Styrassic Park are of the dinosaur models in natural size. In the middle of the park, there are those, who lived in the territory of Styria. Therefore the park was named after them. There is also a Dino cinema, a volcano simulating an eruption, an earthquake, and more.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Austria. There are also public holidays. New Year's Eve. Vienna's biggest night, is launched by the famed concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. The New Year also marks the beginning of Fasching which lasts through Shrove Tuesday. Many Midsummer Night Celebrations are held all over Austria with bonfires and folkloric events.
The FLAG of Austria has 3 equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red. It is the second-oldest flag in use at least since 1230. The current Coat of Arms has been in use by the Republic of Austria since 1919. Each state has its own Flag and Coat of Arms.
The FOOD of Austria is a result of its history as a multi-national empire where different cultures contributed their very own nuance. The Turkish invasion of Europe heralded the birth of Austria's coffee culture. Apart from foreign influences, every area features their own local dishes: Frittatensuppe (crêpe soup) comes from Styria, Speckknel (bacon dumplings) from Tyro, and Salzburger Nockerln is a sweet souffl� and a specialty in Salzburg. Austria has many food traditions and customs.. Wienerschnitzel is the National Food. Austria has FOOD Festivals, Events, and Shows.
Many FORTS were erected by the military administration of Austria-Hungary on the then territory of the State of Austria-Hungary. Fort Heldsberg was built 1938�1940 near St. Margrethen in Switzerland, overlooking the Rhine, which forms the Swiss-Austrian border at that location. The fort was part of the Swiss Border Line defenses, built between 1938 and 1941. It is now a museum. Fort Gorazda was built by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in Montenegro. Its most notable feature is a 100-ton Gruson rotating turret on its roof, the last remaining example of its type. It is now abandoned and freely accessible by the public.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Austria is approximately 4 latitude north and 16 longitude west. The highest point is Grossglockner, the highest mountain in the Alps east of the Brenner Pass. and the lowest point is the Neusieldl the second largest Endorheic lake in Central Europe. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning Finder and the country has many Geocaches. The topography of most of western and central Austria is mountainous, and much of the flatter area to the east is hilly, but a series of passes and valleys permits travel within the country.
The HISTORY of Austria dates from the early Stone Age. It was occupied by the Celtcs from 800 to 400 BC. At the end of the 1st century BC it became part of the Roman Empire. Austria was dominated by the House of Habsburg from 1273 to 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire came to an end. Austria then became the Austrian Empire until the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. In 1867 Austria formed with Hungary as a dual monarchy the Austro-Hungarian Empire. When this empire collapsed after the end of World War I in 1918, Austria was reduced to the main German speaking areas of the empire and adopted the name Republic of German-Austria. The union and name were forbidden by the Allies at the Treaty of Versailles. This led to the creation of the First Austrian Republic (1918-1933). In 1938, Austria was annexed to the German Reich with the Anschluss and named Ostmark until 1945. Austria was partitioned after World War II and in 1955 became the independent sovereign state that has existed to the present day. In 1995, Austria joined the European Union.
One of the most beautiful animals in all of Austria is the Lipizzaner HORSE. The Lipizzaner breed of horse dates back to the 16th century when it was developed with the support of the Habsburg nobility. The Spanish Riding School in Vienna is a traditional riding school for Lipennzan horses. The headquarters is a tourist attraction that offers public performances as well as permitting public viewing of some training sessions.
Austria has a variety of INSECTS including many butterflies and moths. There is a Butterfly House in Schmetterlinghaus. Lasius reginae a species of ants, is native to Austria. The country has many species of spiders including the vnomous Yellow Sac Spider.
Although Austria is landlocked, it has many ISLANDSin lakes and rivers. Danube Island has trails, beaches, a water slide, and more. There is a hotel on the island in Lake Faakersee. The Murinsel in Graz is an artificial floating "island" in the middle of the Mur river. The building is in the form of a giant sea shell and 2 footbridges connect it with both banks of the Mur. The center of the platform forms an amphitheatre. Below a twisted round dome there is a caf� and a playground.
The JUDICIAL System of Austria is based on Roman law and is structured in hierarchical layers. The General Civil Code is one of the world's oldest codes of civil law. The system includes ordinary courts, the public prosecution offices, the prisons (institutions for penal service, as well as court prisons), the probationary facilities, the Federal Cartel Prosecutor and the Supervisory Authority for Collecting Societies.
Austria has 3 LIGHTHOUSES - the Bregenz Westmole Lighthouse at the eastern end of the Lake Constance, the Bregenz Ostmole at the end of the east mole of Bregenz, and Podersdorf-am-See on the eastern shore of Lake Neusiedl. Notable faux lighthouses include the Breitenbrunn at the Breitenbrunn campground and marina at the north end of the Lake Neuseidlersee and Donaupark in the Donaupark on the north side of the Danube in Vienna. A lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
Austria has many MOUNTAINS. The highest mountain is Glockner. The Wildspitze is the 2nd tallest and the highest mountain in the Ötztal Alps and North Tyrol. Palla Bianca is the 2nd highest mountain in the Ötztal Alps and the 3rd highest mountain in Austria. Glocknerwand lies on the boundary between East Tyrol and Carinth and is the 4th tallest mountain. It has very steep rock faces making it one of the most difficult mountains to climb. A popular activity is mountain climbing.
Austria has a variety of MUSEUMS including military museums, open air museums, religious museums, music museums, and historic house museums. The Kunsthistorisches Museum Wein was founded to show off the artworks of the Habsburgs. The Natural History Museum is home to world-famous and unique objects such as the 29,500-year-old Venus of Willendorf, the Steller’s sea cow that became extinct over 200 years ago, and enormous dinosaur skeletons. The MuseumsQuartier has large art museums like the Leopold Museum and the MUMOK to contemporary exhibition spaces like the Kunsthalle Wien and festivals like the Wiener Festwochen. The Freilicht Museum is the largest museum of its kind—an outdoor museum complex featuring over 100 historic buildings in the midst of scenic forests, farms and meadows. Mozarts's birthplace is one of the most frequently visited museums in the world.
MUSIC has always been important in Austria. During the 18th and 19th-century, composers were drawn to Vienna due to the patronage of the Habsburgs and made it the European capital of classical music. The most famous composers include Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert, and Johann Strauss II. Austria has many music festivals. The Salzburg Festival, a festival of music and drama was established in 1920, is held each summer The Summa Cum Laude Festival is an international youth music festival for choirs, bands and orchestras, held annually in Vienna. Yodeling, a form of singing, was developed in the Alps,
OPERA is popular in Austria, and the country has several opera houses. The Vienna State Opera is an Austria opera house and opera company. It opened on May 25, 1869 and Emperor Franz Josef and Empress Elisabeth (Sissi) were present. Opera had been performed in Graz since the 17th century, originally in a converted coach house on the Habsburg royal estates. The Graz Opera is an Austria opera house and opera company. The Vienna Voloksoper puts on around 300 performances of 25 German language productions during an annual season. The Bregenz Festival presents opera or musical productions on a floating stage over the shores of Lake Constance.
Austria belongs to many International ORGANIZATIONS. including the European Union and the World Trade Organization. Austria has been a member of the UNITED NATIONS since 1955 and plays an active roll in UN activities.
> Austria has a variety of REPTILES and Amphibians including venomous and non-venomous snakes. In 2012, a crocodile was seen in the River Drau. Turtle Island has 125 turtle species maintained in a private collection. The Vienna Zoo has a variety of reptiles. The Happ Reptile Zoo is in Klagenfurt.
Austria has many RIVERS. Nearly all of Austria is drained by the Danube into the Black Sea. The rest flow into the North Sea. The longest river is The Danube. The country has Ports and Harbors along rivers. The Port of Viennais the largest river port in Austria and one of the largest ports on the Danube River
Austria has all forms of TRANSPORTATION including many airports. The history of Rail transport began with the private funicular serving the Fortress of Salzburg. Built at the end of the 15th century it is the oldest known funicular in the world, and possibly the oldest existing railway line. The country has many tunnels. The Arlberg Road Tunnel is the longest road tunnel. Austrian car number plates are mandatory vehicle registration plates displaying the registration mark of motor vehicles in Austria. They are used to verify street legality as well as to identify and recognize the vehicle.
Austria has many species of TREES. About half of Austria is covered by forest land divided into commercial forests, protective forests in yield and protective forests out of yield. The Oldest Oak tree in Europe is in Styria. The Pitztal Stone Pine grows in the Alps and is a very aromatic smelling wood used to make beds and furniture. Austria has Monumental Trees, and famous trees. It also has Memorial Trees. The The Stock im Eisen (staff in iron) in Vienna is the midsection of a tree-trunk from the Middle Ages into which hundreds of nails have been pounded and so-called the nail-tree. The country has a variety of Tree Signs. There is an Arboretun in Linz.
Austria has many UNIVERSITIES and Colleges. The system of higher education in Austria distinguishes between federal universities, private universities, and universities of applied science. The University of Vienna is a public university founded in 1365 and is the oldest university in the German-speaking world. The University is one of the biggest and most renowned universities in Europe and is associated with 15 Nobel prize winners.
The WEATHER of Austria is influenced by the Atlantic climate. Due to the topographical diversity and the relatively large west-east expanse, there are three quite different climatic regions. The East has low precipitation, hot summers and moderate winters. The Alpine Region has high precipitation, short summers, and long winters. The remainder of the country is influenced by the Atlantic (in the West) and a continental influence in the Southeast.
Austria has a variety of WILDLIFE including rodents, hedgehogs, and bats. The large lizard, grey snake, badgers, foxes, and bears are other notable animals that live in Austria's alpine terrain. Some animals are endangered. Different varieties of deer live in different regions of the country. The most popular types are Red Deer. The mountains are home to chamois and mouflon. The ibex also appear in abundance. These animals are known for their rock-climbing abilities and resilience to extreme winters. The wild boar is frequently hunted during the winter season.
Austria has several ZOOS. The Schonbrunner Zoo in Vienna was founded in 1792, making it the oldest zoo in the world. It is one of the few zoos in the world to house giant pandas. The Haus des Meeres is a public aquarium in Vienna. It has over 10 thousand aquatic species.