THE UNITED STATES FROM A-Z
E Pluribus Unum - Out of Many-One
A fact about the
United States for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
HERE to go to individual state.
A IS FOR AMERICA
AMERICA was named after
Amerigo Vespucii an Italian who explored the New World several years after
Christopher Columbus. Many countries celebrate
Columbus Day New information indicates the country might have been named after
Richard Ameryk an aristocratic merchant living in Bristol at the end of the 15th century.
B IS FOR BASEBALL
BASEBALL is the national sport of the United States and its
history can be traced back to the 1800s. There are major and minor leagues and semi-professional leagues. Baseball is played in most universities, colleges, and high schools. Millions of boys and girls play in
C IS FOR CAPITOL
The location of the
CAPITOL of the United States was chosen by
George Washington, the first president, and called Federal City. Not until after his death did it become known as Washington, District of Columbia. The Capital building is where laws are made and is a symbol of America's government of the people, for the people, and by the people.
D IS FOR DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE was written in 1776 and told the world that the Americans were declaring freedom from English rule. The
Revolutionary War began and lasted until 1782.
E IS FOR EAGLE
BALD EAGLE became a national symbol of the United States in 1782 when it was chosen to appear on the
Great Seal of the United States. When the population of the bald eagle began to decline, Congress passed the
Bald Eagle Protection Act. In 1999 it was removed from the endangered list but will be protected from hunting or capture. The
American Bison is the National Mammal.
F IS FOR FLAG
In 1777 the
Continental Congress adopted a resolution for the design of the
FLAG of the United States. Each star and each stripe represented one of the 13 original states. A star was added as each new state came into the union. The flag is flown over every public building and in every classroom in the country.
G IS FOR GOVERNMENT
GOVERNMENT of the United States is based on the
Constitution that was adopted in 1789 following the
Revolutionary War. It gives liberty and equal rights for all under the law. It is a government in which people govern themselves through elected representatives. The
President is the Chief Executive of the United States.
H IS FOR HOLIDAYS
The United States observes many
United States Congress and the President establish legal holidays for federal employees and the District of Columbia. These are often made public holidays. Each state decides which holidays it will observe and some states have their own special
4th of July was the first national holiday in the United States.
I IS FOR ISLANDS
The United States has many
Hawaiian Islands became a state in 1959 and the
Big Island of Hawaii is the largest island in the United States. This is the only state that was once ruled by a king.
J IS FOR JURY
JURY is used in the law system practiced in the United States. It provides a fair way of deciding the guilt or innocence of someone accused of a crime. There are usually twelve people on a jury and court officials choose them. The jury reaches a decision secretly and only the
verdict is made public.
K IS FOR KITTY HAWK
KITTY HAWK originally called the Wright Flyer was the first powered aircraft in the world. It was built by the
Wright Brothers and made its first flight in 1903 near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
L IS FOR LIBERTY BELL
LIBERTY BELL was made in England for the Pennsylvania Colony and hung in the State house in Philidelphia in 17853. It became known as the Liberty Bell after being rung on many historic occasions including the news of America's Declaration of Independence. The State House is now known as
M IS FOR MOON
There were several successfrul
manned missions to the MOON. In 1969 the United States became the first and only country to put a man on the moon -
Apollo 11. The first man to step on the moon was
N IS FOR NATIVE AMERICANS
The first people known to have lived in the United States and are known as
NATIVE AMERICANS. Many of them live on
reservations that are located throughout the country.
When Columbus landed in the New World, he thought he had reached the Indies and called the natives Indians. Nearly half of the states have Indian names.
O IS FOR OLD IRONSIDES
OLD IRONSIDES is the nickname of the
USS Constitution the oldest commissioned warship afloat. It is a 44-gun frigate and was launched in 1797. In a battle during the
War of 1812, cannon balls from a British ship seemed to bounce off the sides of the Constitution as if it was made of iron. The ship soon became known as Old Ironsides.
P IS FOR PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE
Pledge of Allegiance is an expression of loyalty to the federal flag and the republic of the United States of America. It was composed by
Francis Bellamy in 1892 and first appeared in a magazine. It was adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942. It was part of the national schools celebration of the 400th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America.
Q IS FOR QUARTER
In 1999, the
U.S. Mint began to issue a QUARTER for
each state according to its admission date.
In 2010, the U.S Mint began to issue quarters featuring designs depicting
national parks and other national sites.
R IS FOR ROSE
ROSE is native to the United States. The first fossil of a rose, estimated to be 40 million years old, was found in Colorado. As pioneers migrated west they planted roses along the trail from New York to California. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed a law which made the rose the
National Flower. In 2004, the Oak was designated the
S IS FOR STATUE OF LIBERTY
STATUE OF LIBERTY is located in New York Harbor and was dedicated in 1886 by
President Grover Cleveland. It was a gift from France on the 100th anniversary of the United States of America. The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of the principles and ideals of freedom in which Americans believe.
T IS FOR TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN
TOMB OF THE UNKNOWNS is located in Arlington National Cemetery across the Ptomac River from Washington, D. C. It honors member of the
United States Armed Forces who have given their lives in war. A sentry is on duty 24 hours a day guarding this symbol of the nation's gratitute to its honored dead.
U IS FOR UNESCO
The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization
UNESCO protects natural and cultural properties around the world. The
United States has many UNESCO sites including the
Grand Canyon in Arizona,
Independence Hall in Pennsylvania, and
Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico . The
Volcanoes Nation Park in Hawaii is a Biosphere Reserve.
V IS FOR VOTE
Every citizen of the United States who has reached the age of 18 has the opportunity to
VOTE. Every four years voters choose electors who in turn elect the president and vice-president of the United States. Congressional elections are held every two years. Each state sets a date of its own to vote on local matters.
W IS FOR WHITE HOUSE
WHITE HOUSE is in Washington, D. C. and is the official residence of the President of the United States. It became known as the White House because it was painted white after abeing burned during the war of 1812. The White House is the scene of many important state dinners and entertainment given by the president and his wife.
X IS FOR XMAS
XMAS is the common abbreviation for Christmas. It is a national holiday and is celebrated in the
United States much as it is in the rest of the
first Christmas in America was observed in 1539 by Spaniards in what is now Florida. The General Grant Tree is called
The Nation's Christmas Tree. Many states have provided the
White House Christmas Tree.
Y IS FOR YANKEE DOODLE
YANKEE DOODLE is the oldest patriotic song of the United States. British soldiers sang it to make fun of the untrained Americans who were helping during the
French-Indian War in 1755. During the Revolutionary War, Yankee Doodle became the favorite song of American Soldiers.
Z IS FOR ZOOS
The United States has more
ZOOS than any other country in the world. The first zoo in the United States was opened in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1859. The largest zoo in the United States is in
San Diego, California, where nearly a thousand animals can be seen in their natural habitat.